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Everything posted by bonanova

  1. From your post, 963 is the median and 968 is the mode. The expected value is the mean. My simulations also give a median of 963, but the noise didn't permit an accurate value of mode. My mean value is in the vicinity of 961.x Simulations for different size decks gave a result that I did not expect. The bigger the deck was, the higher the fraction of the top card in the left pile was: 10 cards -> ~6.5 52 cards -> ~43.6 = Queen of clubs 100 cards -> ~88.03 1000 cards -> ~961.3 After some though I think this makes sense. For a deck of N cards, th
  2. Since we're baring our code, here is the APL code for the 3bd-case:
  3. Words can be added to the picture to create a proof. The notion, suggested by one of the writers quoted above, that an optical illusion turns the proof itself into an illusion is specious. The proof would go as follows.
  4. Nice. Closed form would probably be ugly.
  5. This is one of my fav puzzles. If you want one final clue: Otherwise, read on: It's from Peter Winkler's book "Mathematical Puzzles, A Connoisseur's Collection." Its answer constitutes a "proof without words."
  6. Oh my. Such a pretty puzzle and still no proof? Final clue:
  7. You answered the question correctly; I'm not sure which part of it you're questioning. It's probably the fact that
  8. What I got, too. I think doing the actual calculation is very much harder than for two people.
  9. plainglazed noted that the investigator measures the entire time interval between buses; k-man was first to hit on the crux of the correct analysis (getting the mark); and plasmid beautifully and comprehensively reminded me again that I used to know how to evaluate integrals. Uh, rephrase. Has reminded me that I no longer recall how to evaluate integrals ... without looking them up. Kudos to all. The idea is that Here's the quick analysis provided by the Quora article I mentioned at the top: The idea is similar to
  10. Just read this on Quora and it seemed interesting enough to ask: How many unique ways are there to make change for a US dollar? 293
  11. I guess the puzzle asks how the randomly sampled wait times could be significantly greater than the actual average wait time of 15 minutes.
  12. If a sphere is dropped into a conical goblet filled with water, there is a sphere radius for which a maximal fraction of water is displaced (spilled) from the goblet. The maximum fraction varies with the base angle of the goblet. What is the greatest value of the maximum fraction? For what base angle does it occur?
  13. Most puzzle addicts know by now that in a room containing just 23 random people there is a 50% chance that at least two of them share a birthday. But how many would there have to be to have an even chance that at least three share a birthday?
  14. If I hold an illuminated sphere in front of a screen, it casts a circular shadow whose area is exactly 1/4 of the area of the sphere. Now let the object have protrusions, but remain convex -- as for example a tetrahedron. Will its "bumpiness" create a shadow area that is greater than 1/4 of its surface area, on average?
  15. It's a very simple result. Buddyboy3000 was close ...
  16. Good point. You're right that my statement refers to the case at hand. How general it is now is clearly questionable. I had in mind to calculate R2 and Rmax vs θ for a unit height cone, but left it undone for some personal matters at home. I imagine one or the other of the iceberg regions always contains Rmax, and for one particular value of θ, Rmax would just equal to R2.
  17. The puzzle seems to have been solved, although BMAD might be asking for a specific solution, tailored to the given coin bias. If so, the bias should be determined as a prerequisite to the finding that solution. In that vein, when we compare two numbers, "more," (as in five more) generally implies adding, while "times," (as in 5 times) generally implies multiplying. Thus 75 is 50 more than 25. So we would say the probability of heads is 50% more than that of tails when the probability of heads is 75%. It's clearer, when % is not used for probabilities, to say 0.75 is 0.50 more than 0.
  18. Is a tiling possible that does not have equal representation of colors? Edit: OP asks: Prove that every tiling of the hexagon contains equal numbers of red, green and blue diamonds.
  19. Logophobic found R1 and R2 and found the radius of greatest displacement with numerical methods. plasmid rederived the formula for a sperical cap and got a closed form solution for the 60-degree goblet. Logophobic then found the closed form solution for the 30-degree goblet. Apologies to plasmid for not clarifying the issue of goblet angle. Since Logophobic was the first solver, I'll give his post the mark. I came across this puzzle some years ago and decided it w
  20. A regular hexagon is sliced into congruent equilateral triangles and then tiled with diamond shapes made of two triangles in three different orientations. Prove that every tiling of the hexagon contains equal numbers of red, green and blue diamonds.
  21. I've asked site admin about the disappearing spoiler function ... So anyway, the bus company claims the send a bus out onto the route every 15 minutes. When you check on the average wait time for a bus, you find that it's longer than 15 minutes, as much as 20-30 minutes. How is that possible?
  22. I ran across this paradox in Quora. It resembles BMAD's points on circles problems and may clarify them. You have been hired to test the timeliness of the your town's bus service. The city transportation authority is claiming that they schedule 4 buses per hour (according to a random process) i.e. about 1 bus every 15 minutes on average. To test this claim, you decide to drop by at a random time every day, ask the people at the bus stop how long they have been waiting, and wait till the first bus arrives. You do this for a month and record the total waiting times. Base
  23. I agree with your calculations so far. But a different radius will displace more volume.
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