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Infinite monotone subsequence


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#21 Rainman

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Posted 09 September 2012 - 10:51 PM

Rephrasing it would not be enough, IIRC the lemma was proven using some kind of pigeon hole principle - there are more pairs of indices than there are numbers in the sequence - and the lemma is true for natural numbers. But in the infinite case we can't apply that principle.

Spoiler for hint for solving

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#22 bonanova

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Posted 10 September 2012 - 04:44 AM

Still not convinced. Anyway here's a formal proof.

Spoiler for Suppose

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#23 Rainman

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Posted 10 September 2012 - 09:40 AM

Yes, that proves it :) nicely done!

On a side note, I said in an earlier reply that the set of monotone subsequences has Aleph null cardinality. Then I thought about it and realized I spoke to soon. It contains every element in the power set of an infinite subsequence, and so it must have greater than Aleph null cardinality. So there is an uncountably infinite number of monotone subsequences.
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